The insurgent uniform of Spas Lachkov


An important part of the preparations for the April Uprising, along with the provision of weapons, food and medicine, was the revolutionary attire (uniforms). The rebel clothes are an expression of devotion and empathy for the long-awaited event. They, bringing the characteristic solemnity and festivity, are another unifying element, acting on the psyche of every revolutionary. The uniform has both a utilitarian and a symbolic function - among its main goals is the solemn announcement of the change of the oppressed into a free man. The construction of the garment is planned as a complete negation of everyday clothing. Particularly expressive are the attributes to it - hats with metal lions, peacock feathers and flowers.


The insurgent uniform for the Perushtitsa rebels was prepared together with the necessary equipment, food and water. According to Ivan Kepov, on the night of February 1876, Georgi Benkovski, renewing the revolutionary committee in Perushtitsa, pointed out to its members, "that in the first place everyone should be provided with a rifle and a bag for firecrackers, with a knife and clothes according to form, with two pairs of naushta as well as with a vessel for water '.


Today, in the exposition of History museum-Perushtitsa, is presented an original insurgent kurtka of Spas Lachkov, defender of the third position, defending the terrain from the left bank of the local river below the peak "Vulkovishte". This valuable exhibit, which miraculously survived the fires, was kept for decades by his heirs before being donated to the museum in 1959. In the family, the jacket was used as a sacred thing - a symbol of freedom, because it was used to wrap bread instead of meat, after removing it from the oven. Thus, it appears as a shrine, preserving the subsistence - an indicative fact, which so far has no similar analogue in Bulgarian history.

In 2002 the uniform has been restored to shine in its authentic form. The jacket is made of dark green cloth, lined and decorated with braids and buttons. With its characteristic elements restored, its once remarkable essence and brilliance is revealed.


Main sources:

Nedelcheva, Tsv. - The alternative "Freedom or Death" and the heroic feat of the Peruvian insurgents.

Kepov, Iv. - The uprising in Perushtitsa in 1876.

Grigorov, G. - The Heroic Declarations: Swearing, Self-Nomination, Photography, Disguise